What Causes Gum Disease?

General Dentistry NYC If you’re concerned about gum disease, this is the post for you. Gum disease, or periodontitis, is a concerning infection that damages the soft tissue of the gums which can destroy the jawbone that supports your teeth. In extreme cases, periodontitis can even cause teeth to loosen or fall out completely.

Periodontitis is too common but is often preventable in many instances. Sadly, it usually comes about as a result of poor oral hygiene. Making the habit of brushing twice a day, flossing daily, and visiting your dentist for check-ups can improve your chances of successful gum disease treatment. Doing these things may greatly reduce your chance of developing it in the first place. If you are concerned about developing gum disease, keep reading.

Symptoms of Gum Disease

Healthy gums are firm, pale pink in color, and sit close around the teeth. Signs and symptoms of periodontitis may include:

  • Swollen/puffy gums
  • Gums that bleed easily
  • Receding gums that make teeth look longer
  • New spaces created between your teeth
  • Pus between your teeth and gums
  • Bad breath
  • Red or purplish gums
  • Gums that feel tender to the touch
  • Loose teeth
  • Pain while chewing
  • A change in your bite

Causes of Gum Disease

In most cases, periodontitis begins when plaque, a sticky film which is composed mainly of bacteria, is allowed to sit on the teeth for too long. If left undisturbed, plaque can cause periodontitis. Plaque begins to form on your teeth when sugar in food interact with the natural bacteria in your mouth. Brushing your teeth twice a day removes this plaque, but plaque will re-form as you continue to eat. Plaque can harden under the gum line into tartar when it is left too long. Tartar is more difficult to remove than plaque, and requires a dental professional to remove it.

If you are worried about gum disease, let us help you. Give us a call today at 212.246.8700 to schedule a consultation where we can discuss your dental health concerns. We want to help you have the most healthy, beautiful smile you deserve!

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